Decline

The decline of the Indus Valley Civilization, also known as the Harappan Civilization, is a topic that has puzzled archaeologists and historians for many years. 

  • There are several theories about what led to the decline of this once-thriving civilization, but no one knows for sure what caused its downfall. Here are some of the possible reasons that historians have suggested:
  1. Environmental factors: One theory suggests that environmental factors such as drought, floods, and earthquakes may have contributed to the decline of the Indus Valley Civilization. These factors may have led to a shortage of food and resources, which could have weakened civilization.

  2. Invasion: Another theory suggests that the Indus Valley Civilization was invaded by other groups of people, such as the Aryans. This theory is based on the fact that there is evidence of a shift in the population during this time, as well as evidence of violence and destruction at some Indus Valley sites.

  3. Economic factors : Some historians believe that economic factors, such as a decline in trade and a breakdown in the Indus Valley's extensive trade network, may have contributed to its decline. This could have led to a decline in the civilization's wealth and power.

  4. Social factors: Another theory suggests that social factors, such as a breakdown in the Indus Valley's social and political systems, may have contributed to its decline. This could have led to a decline in the civilization's ability to maintain order and stability.

  • Overall, there is no one clear reason for the decline of the Indus Valley Civilization. 
  • However, despite its decline, the Indus Valley Civilization has left a lasting impact on Indian culture and history, and its legacy can still be seen in the art, language, and traditions of modern-day India.
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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.