Cites of the civilisation
Most cities were very well planned. The
streets cut each other at right angles.
In Mohenjo Daro, the
main street was over 800 meters long and 10 meters wide.
built on both sides of the street
in a planned way.
Baked bricks were used
to construct buildings.
Most cities, including Harappa and Mohenjo Daro, were divided into two parts-
Citadel and Lower town.
The part that was
built on raised grounds is called the citadel
or the acropolis. It had walls
made of bricks
, which provided protection during floods.
The citadel contained
public buildings, religious structures and granaries.
ruler and the ruling class,
consisting of rich merchants and priests, probably
lived in the citadel.
- The other part, called the lower town , was a t a lower height but much bigger area . It had small buildings and houses of the common people.
ruins of many buildings have been found on the citadel
, in Harappa and Mohenjo Daro.
In Mohenjo-daro, the
largest building is the granary.
Another building nearby was probably used as a
. Residents of the city might have gathered here to discuss important issues.
The most impressive structure at Mohenjo-daro is the
‘It is a
rectangular structure and resembles a swimming pool.
made of baked bricks
and has been made watertight with a layer of bitumen or tar.
The Great bath has
two flights of steps, one on each side.
rooms on the side for changing clothes
. Water was probably drawn from a well and drained out after use.
The Great Bath was perhaps used fo
r bathing on special occasions.
- At Harappa, a number of granaries have been found . Surplus grain was perhaps stored in them,
The Lower town
The Lower Town was made up of many houses that were
built close together and arranged in a grid pattern.
The houses were
made of mud bricks and had multiple rooms.
The streets in the Lower Town were straight and intersected at right angles.
The Lower Town also had many
public buildings, like a granary, a bathhouse, and a marketplace.
The Lower Town of Harappa had a wall made of baked bricks that was around
3.5 meters high and 6 meters wide.
This wall surrounded the entire residential area, helping to keep the people who lived there safe.
The Lower Town had a
complex system of drainage and water supply
houses had their own drainage system
, which helped keep the streets clean and prevented flooding.
- The city also had a s ystem of wells and water channels that brought clean water to the people who lived there.