• By 1820s, the Calcutta Supreme Court passed regulations to control press freedom and East India Company began encouraging publishing of newspapers that would celebrate British rule.
  • In 1835, Governor- General Bentinck agreed to revise press laws. After the petitions of Editors of English and vernacular ( local) languages.
  • Thomas Macaulay , a colonial officer, formulated new rules of censorship.
  • After the Revolt of 1857, colonial officers demanded censorship of native press.
  • In 1878, Vernacular Press Act was passed. It provided the government with rights to censor reports and editorials in the vernacular/local press.
  • After this, government kept regular track of vernacular newspapers, and even seized the printing machinery if required.
  • Nationalist newspapers grew and reported colonial misrule and encouraged nationalist activities.
  • When Punjab revolutionaries were deported in 1907, Balgangadhar Tilak wrote about it in his KESARI (his newspaper) with great sympathy.
  • This led to his imprisonment in 1908, provoking widespread protests in India.







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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.