Describe the impact of the Print Revolution in Europe during the 15th and 16th centuries.
Points to remember :
- Cost of books was reduced, so they became accessible to all.
- Popular ballads and folk tales were printed in local languages, so that they could be understood by all.
- The lines between oral and printed knowledge blurred.
- Martin Luther began challenging the church’s rituals and traditions,which led to protestant reformation.
- Menocchio also reinterpreted the Bible’s message and challenged the church, for which he was hauled.
Answer to be written in exam :
Impact of the Print Revolution in Europe during the 15th and 16th centuries:
- As Printing came, the cost of books reduced. The time and labour required t o produce each of the book came down, multiple copies could be produced with greater ease.
- Books flooded the market, Publishers started publishing popular ballad folk tales with beautiful pictures and illustrations.
- As print developed, popular poetry and folk tales began to be published in local languages. This reduced the gap between oral knowledge and printed knowledge . Books could be more accessible for the common people.
- Print created the possibility of the wide circulation of ideas and introduced a new world of debate and discussion.
- Those who disagreed with established authorities could now print and circulate their ideas. e.g., Martin Luther was a German monk, professor and Church Reformer. He challenged the Church to debate his ideas.
- This led to division within the Church and the beginning of the Protestant Reformation.
- Print and popular religious literature stimulated many distinctive individual interpretations of faith even among little-educated working people. In the sixteenth century, Menocchio, a miller in Italy, reinterpreted the message of the Bible and formulated a view of God and Creation that enraged the Roman Catholic Church.
(any 5 points )