Ex 12.1

Chapter 12 Class 10 Surface Areas and Volumes
Serial order wise

### Transcript

Ex 12.1, 3 A toy is in the form of a cone of radius 3.5 cm mounted on a hemisphere of same radius. The total height of the toy is 15.5 cm. Find the total surface area of the toy. Total surface area of toy = Curved Surface area of hemisphere + Curved Surface area of cone Curved Surface area of hemisphere Radius of hemisphere = Radius of cone = r = 3.5 cm Curved surface area of hemisphere = 2šš2 = 2 Ć22/7Ć (3.5)2 = 2 Ć22/7Ć (3.5)2 = 2 Ć22/7Ć 3.5 Ć 3.5 = 2 Ć 22 Ć 0.5 Ć 3.5 = 77 cm2 Curved surface area of cone Curved surface area of cone = ššš Radius of cone = r = 3.5 cm Height of cone = Total height of toy ā radius of hemisphere = 15.5 ā 3.5 = 12 cm Now, we find slant height (l) We know that l2 = h2 + r2 l2 = (12)2 + (3.5)2 l2 = (12)2 + (7/2)^2 l2 = 144 + 49/4 l2 = (144(4) + 49)/4 l2 = (576 + 49)/4 l2 = ššš/š l = ā(625/4) l = ā(25^2/2^2 ) l = šš/š l = 12.5 cm Curved surface area of cone = Ļrš = 22/7 Ć 3.5 Ć 12.5 = 22 Ć 0.5 Ć 12.5 = 137.5 cm2 Now, Total surface area of toy = Curved Surface Area of hemisphere + Curved Surface Area of cone = 77 + 137.5 = 214.5 cm2 Hence, total surface area of the toy is 214.5 cm2