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  • As both plant and animal cells are eukaryotes , they do share some common organelles but they do also have some features that are unique to each of them. 

The following are a few differences between the plant and animal cell.

  Plant Cell Animal Cell

Cell Shape 

Square or rectangular

Irregular

Cell Wall 

✔️

Plasma Membrane

✔️

✔️

Endoplasmic Reticulum

✔️

✔️

Nucleus

✔️ 

lies on one side of cell

✔️

lies in the centre of cell

Lysosomes

✔️

rare

✔️

abundant

Golgi Apparatus

✔️

✔️

Cytoplasm

✔️

✔️

Ribosomes

✔️

✔️

Plastids

✔️

Vacuoles

✔️

Large and few

✔️

Small and numerous

Mitochondria

✔️

fewer

✔️

numerous

*Cilia / Flagella

✔️

In most animal cells

Mode of Nutrition

Autotrophic

Heterotrophic

*Note: Cillia (very tiny hairlike structures ) or flagella ( long tail ) are present on the body of most animal cells that help it to move around .

 

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CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 12 years and a teacher from the past 16 years. He teaches Science, Economics, Accounting and English at Teachoo