What are the salient features of the Fartlek training method?
Fartlek Training Method:
The Fartlek method of training was introduced and practiced in Sweden. ‘Fartlek’ is a Swedish term which means ‘speed play’ (playing with speed). This training method was first introduced by Gosta Holmer. It is a type of cross country running. Fartlek is usually conducted over a hilly region track, and it allows variation in pace. It is one of the best methods of conditioning for most of the sports in which endurance is the basic requirement. This training can be performed at hilly path, river bed, forest, muddy road or sandy path etc. Self-discipline is most important and vital in this type of training. In Fartlek, the change of pace or speed is not pre planned so some exercises can also be included in this method. These exercises may be performed by stopping and running temporarily at different intervals. The type of exercises that can be included along with running are hopping, jumping, squat jump, double hop jump etc.
ADVANTAGES OF FARTLEK Training
- It is an off season training method but is very useful in developing endurance in athletes.
- It has a psychological advantage over the other training methods because the changing scenes help in delaying fatigue.
- It is the best method to improve endurance in sports where endurance is a basic requirement e.g. cross-country running.
- Balancing adjustments of ankles, knees and thighs improves due to the uneven surface.