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Ex 4.3, 7 - Difference of squares of two numbers is 180 - Ex 4.3

 

  1. Chapter 4 Class 10 Quadratic Equations
  2. Serial order wise
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Ex 4.3 ,7 The difference of squares of two numbers is 180. The square of the smaller number is 8 times the larger number. Find the two numbers. Let larger number be x Given, The square of the smaller number is 8 times the larger number (Smaller number)2 = 8 × Larger number (Smaller number)2 = 8x Smaller number = √8𝑥 Also, given that Difference of squares of two numbers is 180 ∴ Square of larger number – square of smaller number = 180 (Larger number)2 – (Smaller number)2 = 180 x2 – (Smaller number)2 = 180 x2 – (√8𝑥 )^2 = 180 x2 – 8x = 180 x2 – 8x – 180 = 0 We factorize using splitting the middle term method x2 + 10x – 18x – 180 = 0 x (x + 10) – 18 (x + 10) = 0 (x – 18) (x + 10) = 0 So, x = 18 and x = – 10 are the roots of the equation

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