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Example 7 - Chapter 12 Class 11 Introduction to Three Dimensional Geometry - Part 4

Example 7 - Chapter 12 Class 11 Introduction to Three Dimensional Geometry - Part 5
Example 7 - Chapter 12 Class 11 Introduction to Three Dimensional Geometry - Part 6


Transcript

Example 7 Find the coordinates of the point which divides the line segment joining the points (1, –2, 3) and (3, 4, –5) in the ratio 2 : 3 (ii) externally, Let the 2 given points be A (1, −2, 3) & B (3, 4, –5) Let P (x, y, z) be points that divides line in ratio 2:3 externally We know that Co-ordinate of point P (x, y, z) that divides the line segment joining A (x1, y1, z1) & B (x2, y2, z2) externally in the ratio m : n is P (x, y, z,) = ((〖𝑚 𝑥〗_2 −〖 𝑛 𝑥〗_1)/(𝑚 − 𝑛),(〖𝑚 𝑦〗_2 −〖 𝑛 𝑦〗_1)/(𝑚 − 𝑛),(〖𝑚 𝑧〗_(2 )−〖 𝑛 𝑧〗_1)/(𝑚 − 𝑛)) Here, x1 = 1, y1 = –2, z1 = 3 x2 = 3, y2 = 4, z2 = – 5 & m = 2, n = 3 Putting values Co-ordinate of point P is (x, y, z) = ((2(3) − 3(1))/(2 − 3),(2(4) − 3(−2))/(2 − 3),(2(−5) − 3(3))/(2 − 3)) = ((6 − 3)/((−1)),(8 + 6)/((−1)),(−10 − 9)/((−1))) = (3/((−1)),14/((−1)),( −19)/((−1))) = ( –3 , –14 , 19) Thus, the required co-ordinate is (–3 , –14 , 19)

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Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 12 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.