To protect flora and fauna,government has established

  • Wildlife Sanctuary
  • National Park
  • Biosphere Reserves



Wildlife Sanctuary

Areas where wildlife are protected

There is no disturbance to them and their wildlife

 

 

National Park

They are large areas .They protect not only wildlife but entire ecosystem (flora,fauna,landscape,historical objects)



Biosphere Reserve

They are large areas to protect biodiversity

Biodiversity is variety of plants and animals living in area

They also help to maintain culture of area (example tribals living in the area)

Biosphere Reserve.png

 

What is the Difference between National Park, Wildlife Sanctuary and Biosphere Reserve?

 

Wildlife Sanctuary

National Park

Biosphere Reserve

They are established for the protection of only wildlife (wild animals)

It protects plants, animals, historical objects and entire ecosystem (flora and fauna and non living things)

It protects entire biodiversity (Biodiversity is variety of plants and animals living in area).
It is also used for economic development of tribals living in area

Boundaries are not fixed

Boundaries are fixed as per law of government

Boundaries are fixed

There are less restrictions and human activity is allowed

Example

Grazing by their livestock, collecting medicinal plants, firewood,

However hunting and capturing animals is prohibited

Human Activities are not at all allowed


Cutting of trees is not allowed

There are more restrictions and human activity is not allowed in core zone


However, it may be allowed in outermost zone and buffer zone

They may be owned by government or privately owned

They are owned by the government only

They are owned by the government

They are of small area

They are also of small area

They are also of comparatively large area

Examples

Sanjay Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary


Asola Bhatti Wildlife Sanctuary

Examples

Corbett National Park


Sunderban National Park

Examples

Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve


Sunderbans National Reserve

 

Biosphere reserves are very big. And they may also have national park and wildlife sanctuary inside it.

Example - The Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve consists of one national park named Satpura and two wildlife sanctuaries named Bori and Pachmarhi

Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve.jpg

 

 

Questions

NCERT Question 1 (a) - Fill in the blanks.  

A place where animals are protected in their natural habitat is called ______________.

View Answer

 

NCERT Question 2 (a) - Differentiate Wildlife sanctuary and biosphere reserve

Wildlife sanctuary and biosphere reserve

View Answer

 

NCERT Question 2 (b) - Differentiate Zoo and wildlife sanctuary

Zoo and wildlife sanctuary

View Answer

  1. Class 8
  2. Chapter 7 Class 8 - Conservation Of Plants And Animals

About the Author

Davneet Singh's photo - Teacher, Computer Engineer, Marketer
Davneet Singh
Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 9 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo.