What is irrigation? Describe two methods of irrigation which conserve water:
Supply of Water to plants at regular intervals is called irrigation
Two methods of irrigation which conserve water are :
This system is more useful on uneven land where water supply is less. In this method, there is a pump, different perpendicular pipes and nozzle
When pump is opened, water sprinkles out from different nozzles. It gets sprinkIed on the crop as if it is raining. Sprinkler is very useful for lawns, coffee plantation and several other crops.
In this system, the water falls drop by drop directly near the roots. So it is called drip system. It is the best technique for watering fruit plants, gardens and trees. Water is not wasted at all. It is a boon in regions where availability of water is poor.
Innovative Methods are used like
It has a pump,different perpendicular pipes and nozzle
When pump is opened,water sprinkles out from different nozzles
It is used for
Water drips drop by drop to root of plant directly
There is no wastage of water in this case
It is used in case of watering of
Loosening of soil help in growth of earthworms.Earthworm are friends of farmers.They help in adding humus to soil