Construction 11.2 :
To construct the perpendicular bisector of a given line segment.
Given a line segment AB,
we want to construct its perpendicular bisector.
Steps of Construction:
Taking A as center,
and radius more than 1/2 AB,
draw arcs on top and bottom of AB
2. Taking B as center,
and same radius as before,
draw arcs on top and bottom of AB
3. Let the point where arcs intersect on top of AB be P
And the point where arcs intersect at the bottom be Q
Join PQ.
4. Let PQ intersect AB at the Point M.
Thus, Line PMQ is the required Perpendicular bisector of AB
Justification
We have to prove PQ is perpendicular bisector
i.e. AM = BM and ∠ PMA = ∠ PMB = 90°
Join A,B to P and A, B to Q
In Δ PAQ and Δ PBQ,
AP = BP
AQ = BQ
PQ = PQ
∴ ∆ PAQ ≅ ∆PBQ
So, ∠ APM = ∠ BPM
(Arcs of equal radii)
(Arcs of equal radii)
(Common)
(SSS Rule)
(CPCT)
Now ,
In Δ PAM and Δ PBM,
AP = BP
∠APM = ∠BPM
PM = PM
∴ ∆ PMA ≅ ∆PMB
So, AM = BM & ∠ PMA = ∠ PMB
Also,
∠PMA + ∠PMB = 180°
∠PMA + ∠PMA = 180°
2∠PMA = 180°
∠ PMA = (180°)/2°
∠ PMA = 90°
(Arcs of equal radii)
(From (1))
(Common)
(SAS Rule)
(Linear pair)
(From (2))
∴ ∠ PMB = ∠ PMA = 90°
Thus, AM = BM & ∠ PMA = ∠ PMB = 90°
∴ PQ is the perpendicular bisector of AB

Made by

Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 12 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo.