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Misc 14 - Let a * b = { a + b, a + b - 6. Show 0 is identity

Misc 14 - Chapter 1 Class 12 Relation and Functions - Part 2
Misc 14 - Chapter 1 Class 12 Relation and Functions - Part 3
Misc 14 - Chapter 1 Class 12 Relation and Functions - Part 4

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Transcript

Misc 14 Define a binary operation *on the set {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5} as a * b = {β–ˆ(π‘Ž+𝑏, 𝑖𝑓 π‘Ž+𝑏<6@&π‘Ž+𝑏 βˆ’6, 𝑖𝑓 π‘Ž+𝑏β‰₯6)─ Show that zero is the identity for this operation and each element a β‰  0 of the set is invertible with 6 βˆ’ a being the inverse of a. e is the identity of * if a * e = e * a = a Checking if zero is identity for this operation If a + b < 6 Putting b = 0 a < 6 This is possible Now, a * 0 = a + 0 = a 0 * a = 0 + a = a Thus, a * 0 = 0 * a = a So, 0 is identity of * If a + b β‰₯ 6 Putting b = 0 a β‰₯ 6 This is not possible as value of a can be {0, 1, ,2, 3, 4, 5} Now, we need to show that each element a β‰  0 of the set is invertible with 6 βˆ’ a being the inverse of a. a * b = {β–ˆ(π‘Ž+𝑏, 𝑖𝑓 π‘Ž+𝑏<6@&π‘Ž+𝑏 βˆ’6, 𝑖𝑓 π‘Ž+𝑏β‰₯6)─ An element a in set is invertible if, there is an element in set such that , a * b = e = b * a Putting b = 6 – a So, a + b = a + (6 – a) = 6 Since a + b β‰₯ 6 a * b = a + b – 6 a * b = a * (6 – a) = a + (6 – a) – 6 = 0 b * a = (6 – a) * a = (6 – a) + a – 6 = 0 Since a * (6 – a) = (6 – a) * a = 0 Hence, each element a of the set is invertible with 6 βˆ’ a being the inverse of a. s

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Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 12 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo.