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Example 16 - If A, B, C are three events associated with a random - Using formulae of sets

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  1. Chapter 16 Class 11 Probability
  2. Serial order wise
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Example 16 If A, B, C are three events associated with a random experiment, prove that P(A ∪ B ∪ C) = P(A) + P(B) + P(C) − P(A ∩ B) − P(A ∩ C) – P (B ∩ C) + P ( A ∩ B ∩ C) Let B ∪ C = E So, P (A ∪ B ∪ C) = P(A ∪ E) = P(A) + P(E) – P(A ∩ E) = P(A) + P(E) – P(A ∩ (B ∪ C)) = P(A) + P(E) – P((A ∩ B) ∪ (A ∩ C)) We find P(E) & P((A ∩ B) ∪ (A ∩ C)) separately Finding P(E) P (E) = P (B ∪ C) = P(B) + P(C) − P(B ∩ C) Finding P((A ∩ B) ∪ (A ∩ C)) We know that P(A ∪ B) = P(A) + P(B) – P(A ∩ B) Putting A = (A ∩ B) & B = (A ∩ C) P((A ∩ B) ∪ (A ∩ C)) = P(A ∩ B) + P(A ∩ C) – P ((A ∩ B) ∩ (A ∩ C)) P((A ∩ B) ∪ (A ∩ C)) = P(A ∩ B) + P(A ∩ C) – P (A ∩ B ∩ C) Putting (2) & (3) in (1) P (A ∪ B ∪ C) = P(A) + P(E) – P((A ∩ B) ∪ (A ∩ C)) = P(A) + [P(B) + P(C) – P(B ∩ C)] – [P(A ∩ B) + P(A ∩ C) + P(A ∩ B ∩ C)] = P(A) + P(B) + P(C) − P(A ∩ B) − P(A ∩ C) – P (B ∩ C) + P ( A ∩ B ∩ C) Hence proved

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Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He provides courses for Mathematics from Class 9 to 12. You can ask questions here.
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