Assertion (A): All societies have some kind of social inequality and some form of division of labour.

Reason (R): In most societies, occupations are passed on from one generation to another.

 

Answer:

So, the correct answer is (a)

Explanation:

  • The Caste system is an extreme form of social inequality.
  • What makes it different from other societies is that in this system, the hereditary occupational division was sanctioned by rituals.
  • Members of the same caste groups were supposed to form a social community that practiced the same or similar occupation, married within the caste group, and did not eat with members from other caste groups.

Let’s check

  • Assertion: All societies have some kind of social inequality and some form of division of labor. This is true.
  • Reason: In most societies, occupations are passed on from one generation to another. This is true.
  • Since most occupations are passed from one generation to another, there is social inequality and division in terms of labour. Thus, the reasoning is the correct explanation for the assertion.

So,

  • Assertion is true
  • Reasoning is true
  • Reasoning is the correct explanation of assertion.

Thus, the correct answer is (a).

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.