MAJOR SEA PORTS

  • India has a 7,516.6-kilometer-long coastline that is lined with 12 major and 2 00 notified nonmajor (minor/intermediate) ports.  
  • 95 percent of India's foreign trade is handled by these major ports.

S.NO

Major Sea Ports 

Description 

1.

Kandla Port

  • Situated in Kuchchh (Gujarat).
  • Developed shortly after independence to reduce the volume of trade at Mumbai's port,
  • Kandla also known as the  Deendayal Port and is a tidal port .
  • It facilitates the handling of  export and import of highly productive granary and industrial belts stretching across Jammu and Kashmir UT and the states of Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, and Gujarat.

2.

Mumbai Port

  • Mumbai is the largest port , with a large natural and well-sheltered harbor .

3.

Jawaharlal Nehru Port

  • The Jawaharlal Nehru port was designed to relieve congestion i n the Mumbai port 
  • It functions as a hub port for this region.

4.

Marmagao Port

  • It is the country's primary iron ore exporting port.  
  • This port accounts f or approximately fifty percent of India's iron ore exports

5.

New Mangalore Port 

  • The new Mangalore port in Karnataka handles the export of iron ore concentrates from the Kudremukh mines.

6.

Kochi Port 

  • Kochchi is the most southwestern port ,
  • located at the entrance of a lagoon with a natural harbor .

7.

Tuticorin 

  • Situated in Tamil Nadu  
  • It is an extreme southeastern port .
  • It has a natural harbor and a rich hinterland.

8.

Chennai

  • Chennai is one of the oldest artificial ports in the country.
  • It is ranked next to Mumbai in terms of the volume of trade and cargo.  

9.

Visakhapatnam 

  • Vishakhapatnam is the deepest landlocked and well-protected port.

10.

Paradwip Port

  • Paradwip port is located in Odisha ,
  • It specializes in the export of iron ore

11.

Kolkata Port

  • Kolkata is an inland riverine port.
  • This port serves a vast and d iverse hinterland of the Ganga-Brahmaputra basin.

12.

Haldia  Port

  • Developed as a subsidiary port to relieve growing pressure on the Kolkata port.

 

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Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.