PIPELINES

  • The pipeline transportation network is a recent addition to India's transportation map.
  • These were previously used to transport water to cities and industries.
  • These are now utilized to transport crude oil, petroleum products, and natural gas from oil and gas fields to refineries, fertilizer facilities, and large thermal power plants.
  • Initial cost of laying pipelines is high but subsequent running costs are minimal
  • It eliminates the possibility of trans-shipment losses or delays.

NETWORKS OF PIPELINE TRANSPORTATION 

  • There are three important networks of pipeline transportation in the country. 
    • From the upper Assam oil field to Kanpur (Uttar Pradesh), through Guwahati, Barauni, and Allahabad. It connects Barauni to Haldia via Rajbandh, Rajbandh to Maurigram, and Guwahati to Siliguri. 
    • From Salaya in Gujarat to Jalandhar in Punjab, via Viramgam, Mathura, Delhi, and Sonipat. It has branches to connect Koyali (near Vadodara, Gujarat ) Chakshu, and other places.
    • The first 1,700 km long Hazira-VijaipurJagdishpur (HVJ) cross-country gas pipeline, linked Mumbai High and Bassein gas fields with various fertilizer, power, and industrial complexes in western and northern India .
  • Overall, India's cross-country pipeline system has grown from 1,700 km to 18,500 km.
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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.