• Railways are the primary mode of transportation for freight and passengers i n India.
  • Railways also enable people to engage in a variety of activities such as business, sightseeing, pilgrimage, and the movement of commodities over large distances.
  • Railways in India connect the country's economic life and accelerate the development of industry and agriculture.
  • The first train in India started from Mumbai to Thane in 1853 , covering a distance of 34 km.
  • Indian railway is divided into 16 zones.
  • There are three types of gauges i.e railway tracks.
    • Broad Gauge
    • Metre Gauge 
    • Narrow Gauge 
  • The distribution pattern of the Railway network in the country is influenced by physiographic, economic, and administrative factors from region to region.
  • Distribution  Pattern of India 
    • Northern Plains : The growth of railways has been favored in these plains due to the level of terrain, high population density, and abundant agricultural resources . However, the huge number of rivers that required the construction of bridges across their extensive river beds caused certain challenges.
    •  Peninsular region : In the hilly terrains of the peninsular region , railway stretches are built through low hills, gaps, or tunnels . So, it is very difficult to lay the railway lines.
    • Himalayan mountainous regions : The Himalayan mountainous regions are unfavorable for the construction of railway lines due to high relief, sparse population, and lack of economic opportunities. 
    • Desert of Rajasthan : It is difficult to construct railway lines on the sandy plain of western Rajasthan , which has hindered the growth of railways.
    • The contiguous stretch of Sahyadri could be crossed only through gaps or passes. Although the Konkan railway along the west coast has been developed it has also f aced a number of problems such as the sinking of trac k in some stretches and landslides.

Problems faced by Railways

  • Many passengers travel without tickets.  
  • Thefts and damages to the railway property.
  • People stop the trains, pull the chain unnecessarily and this causes heavy damage to the railway.
Ask a doubt
Davneet Singh's photo - Co-founder, Teachoo

Made by

Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.