Read the source given below and answer the questions that follow:

Our country India is one of the 12 mega biodiversity countries of the world. With about 47,000 plant species, India occupies tenth place in the world and fourth in Asia in plant diversity. There are about 15,000 flowering plants in India, which account for 6 per cent in the world’s total number of flowering plants. The country has many nonflowering plants, such as ferns, algae and fungi. India also has approximately 90,000 species of animals, as well as, a rich variety of fish in its fresh and marine waters. Natural vegetation refers to a plant community, which has grown naturally without human aid and has been left undisturbed by humans for a long time. This is termed as virgin vegetation. Thus, cultivated crops and fruits, orchards form part of vegetation but not natural vegetation.

 

Question (i)

India occupies ........ place in the world and ......... place in Asia in plant diversity.

(a) fifth, third

(b) fourth, second

(c) tenth, fourth

(d) third, second

 

Answer:

From the paragraph

Our country India is one of the 12 mega biodiversity countries of the world. With about 47,000  plant species, India occupies tenth place in the  world and fourth in Asia in plant diversity. There  are about 15,000 flowering plants in India, which  account for 6 per cent in the world’s total number  of flowering plants. The country has many nonflowering plants, such as ferns, algae and fungi.  India also has approximately 90,000 species of  animals, as well as, a rich variety of fish in its fresh  and marine waters. 

Answer: (c) tenth, Fourth

 

Question (ii)

Ferns, Algae and Fungi are type of:

(a) Flowering Plants

(b) Microbes

(c) Bacteria

(d) Non-Flowering Plants

 

Answer:

From the paragraph

Our country India is one of the 12 mega biodiversity countries of the world. With about 47,000  plant species, India occupies tenth place in the  world and fourth in Asia in plant diversity. There  are about 15,000 flowering plants in India, which  account for 6 per cent in the world’s total number  of flowering plants. The country has many nonflowering plants, such as ferns, algae and fungi.  India also has approximately 90,000 species of  animals, as well as, a rich variety of fish in its fresh  and marine waters. 

Answer: (d) Non-Flowering Plants  

 

Question (iii)

Cultivated crops and fruits, orchards form part of .......... but not natural vegetation.

(a) vegetation

(b) plantation

(c) grasslands

(d) flora

 

Answer:

From the paragraph

Natural vegetation refers to a plant community,  which has grown naturally without human aid  and has been left undisturbed by humans for a  long time. This is termed as virgin vegetation.  Thus, cultivated crops and fruits, orchards form  part of vegetation but not natural vegetation. 

Answer:  (a) vegetation  

 

Question (iv)

Plants that have come from outside India are termed as:

(a) Endemic plants

(b) Exotic plants

(c) Indigenous plants

(d) Imported plants

 

Answer:

Answer: (b) Exotic plants

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.