In the questions given below, there are two  statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason  (R). Read the statements and choose the correct  option.  

Assertion (A): Evergreen forests are found in the  Western Ghats, Lakshadweep Islands, Andaman  and Nicobar Islands, upper parts of Assam and on  Tamil Nadu coast.

Reason (R): As the region is warm and wet  throughout the year, it has a luxuriant vegetation  of all kinds – trees, shrubs and creepers giving it a  multilayered structure.

Options:  

(a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct  explanation of (A).  

(b) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the  correct explanation of (A).  

(c) (A) is correct but (R) is wrong.  

(d) (A) is wrong but (R) is correct.

 

Answer:

So, the correct answer is (a)

Explanation:

Tropical Evergreen forests are restricted to heavy rainfall areas of the Western Ghats and the island groups of Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar, upper parts of Assam and Tamil Nadu coast.

They do best where there is a short dry season and more than 200 cm of rainfall each year.

The trees rise to g reat heights of up to 60 meters or higher.

The area has lush vegetation of all kinds, including trees, shrubs, and creepers, giving it a multilayered structure because it is warm and humid throughout the year.

Trees don't necessarily lose their leaves at the same time every year. Because of this, these forests seem green all year long.

Commercially important trees of this forest are ebony, mahogany, rosewood, rubber, and cinchona.

The common animals f ound in these forests are elephant, monkeys, lemurs,s and deer. One-horned rhinoceroses are found in the jungles of Assam and West Bengal.

Let’s Check

  • Assertion (A): Evergreen forests are found in the  Western Ghats, Lakshadweep Islands, Andaman  and Nicobar Islands, upper parts of Assam and on  Tamil Nadu coast. This is true.

  • Reason (R): As the region is warm and wet  throughout the year, it has a luxuriant vegetation  of all kinds – trees, shrubs and creepers giving it a  multilayered structure. This is true.

  • Region is warm and wet throughout the year- Western Ghats, Lakshadweep Islands, Andaman  and Nicobar Islands, upper parts of Assam and on  Tamil Nadu coast. It has a luxuriant vegetation  of all kinds – trees, shrubs and creepers giving it a  multilayered structure. So, the reasoning to the assertion is true.

So, 

  • Assertion is true
  • Reasoning is true
  • Reasoning is the correct explanation to the assertion

Thus, the correct answer is (a).

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.