The Nazi Worldview

  • According to the Nazi’s ideology, there was no equality between people , but only a racial hierarchy. 
  • According to this ideology, blue-eyed, Nordic German Aryans were at the top, while Jews were at the bottom .
  • Jews came to be regarded as an anti-race , the arch-enemies of the Aryans.
  • Hitler's racism was influenced by thinkers such as Charles Darwin and Herbert Spencer.
  • Darwin was a natural scientist who tried to explain the creation of plants and animals through the concept of evolution and natural selection .
  • Herbert Spencer gave the idea of the survival of the fittest.
  • According to the  survival of the fittest idea , only those species survived on earth that could adapt themselves to changing climatic conditions
  • The Nazi argument was simple: the strongest race would survive while the weak would perish. The Aryan race was the dominant race.
  • The Aryans  had to maintain its purity , build up strength , and rule the world.
  • The other aspect of Hitler’s ideology related to the geopolitical concept of Lebensraum, or living space.
  • He believed that new territories needed to be acquired i n order to be settled. This would increase the area of the mother country while allowing settlers on new lands to maintain an intimate connection with their place of origin. 
  • It would also increase the German nation's material resources and power .

Establishment of the Racial State

  • Once in power, the Nazis established an exclusive racial community of pure Germans by physically eliminating all those deemed 'undesirable' throughout the empire.
  • Nazis wanted only a society of ‘pure and healthy Nordic Aryans
  • Along with the Jews   many Gypsies and blacks living in Nazi Germany were c onsidered as racial ‘inferiors’ who threatened the biological purity of the ‘superior Aryan race. 
  • When Germany conquered Poland and parts of Russia, captured civilians were forced to work as slave labour .
  • J ews remained the w orst sufferers in Nazi Germany.
  • They had been s tereotyped as killers of Christ and usurer .
  • Jews were lived i n the separately marked area called ghettos.
  • From 1933 to 1938 the Nazis terrorized, pauperized and segregated the Jews , compelling them to leave the country.
  • During 1939-1945 , aimed at concentrating them in certain areas and eventually killing them in gas chambers in Poland. 

The Racial Utopia

  • Hitler occupied North-Western Poland.
  • Poles were forced to leave their home and properties.
  • Poles were then herded like cattle in the other part and called the General Government , the destination of all ‘undesirables’ of the empire.
  •  Many members of the Polish intelligentsia were murdered in order to keep the entire population intellectually and spiritually servile.
  •  Polish children who resembled Aryans were taken from their mothers and examined by 'race experts’.
  • If they passed the race tests, they were raised in German families ; if not, they were placed in orphanages, where the majority died.
  • With some of the largest ghettos and gas chambers, the General Government also served as the killing fields for the Jews.
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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.