Sources for the Modern Period in India
The sources for the modern period in India are mainly
, as archaeological sources are less important
- The sources include official records, survey reports, indigenous records, and foreign accounts
The Mughals and the British introduced the culture of
, such as administrative decisions, government proceedings, and judicial verdicts
- The official records are preserved in archives and museums , such as the National Archives of India
The British conducted various
, such as population, revenue, land, and census surveys
The surveys also involved
mapping and topography
- The survey reports are available to us and provide valuable information on the demographic and economic aspects of the period
The Indians wrote in
English and vernacular languages
, expressing their views and feelings on the British rule and the national movement
The indigenous records include
diaries, accounts of pilgrims and travellers, newspapers, books, novels, and leaflets
- Some examples of indigenous records are Poverty and Un-British Rule in India by Dadabhai Naoroji, Kesari and Mahratta newspapers by Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Harijan by Mahatma Gandhi, etc.
The foreigners who visited or lived in India during the period also wrote about their observations and experiences|
The foreign accounts include
travelogues, memoirs, letters, journals, etc.
- Some examples of foreign accounts are An Account of the Kingdom of Caubul by Mountstuart Elphinstone, A Passage to India by E.M. Forster, My Experiments with Truth by Mahatma Gandhi (written in English), etc.