Sources for the Modern Period in India

  • The sources for the modern period in India are mainly literary , as archaeological sources are less important

  • The sources include official records, survey reports, indigenous records, and foreign accounts

Official Records

  • The Mughals and the British introduced the culture of recording everything , such as administrative decisions, government proceedings, and judicial verdicts

  • The official records are preserved in archives and museums , such as the National Archives of India

Survey Reports

  • The British conducted various surveys , such as population, revenue, land, and census surveys

  • The surveys also involved mapping and topography

  • The survey reports are available to us and provide valuable information on the demographic and economic aspects of the period

Indigenous Records

  • The Indians wrote in English and vernacular languages , expressing their views and feelings on the British rule and the national movement

  • The indigenous records include diaries, accounts of pilgrims and travellers, newspapers, books, novels, and leaflets

  • Some examples of indigenous records are Poverty and Un-British Rule in India by Dadabhai Naoroji, Kesari and Mahratta newspapers by Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Harijan by Mahatma Gandhi, etc.

Foreign Accounts

  • The foreigners who visited or lived in India during the period also wrote about their observations and experiences|

  • The foreign accounts include travelogues, memoirs, letters, journals, etc.

  • Some examples of foreign accounts are An Account of the Kingdom of Caubul by Mountstuart Elphinstone, A Passage to India by E.M. Forster, My Experiments with Truth by Mahatma Gandhi (written in English), etc.
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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.