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Chapter 1 Class 7 Geography - Our Environment

Describe the main features of natural and human - made environment.



Answer by Student

  • Natural environment comprises the basic components and organisms that are naturally present in the environment without any human involvement, like the land, water, air, plants and animals.Some of the main features of natural environment are:

    • It is diverse and has different types of landforms, water bodies, climates, vegetation and wildlife.

    • It is dynamic and changes over time due to natural processes like erosion, weathering, volcanism, etc.

    • It is interdependent and has various interactions and relationships among its components, like the water cycle, the carbon cycle, the food chain, etc.

    • It is essential for the survival and well-being of all living organisms as it provides them with resources and services, like food, water, oxygen, shelter, etc.

  • Human-made environment comprises the components created by human beings through their activities, like buildings, roads, bridges, dams, industries, etc.

  • Some of the main features of human-made environment are:

    • It is artificial and has been modified or constructed by human beings according to their needs and preferences, like houses, factories, schools, etc.

    • It is influenced by various factors like culture, technology, economy, politics, etc. that shape the human activities and decisions.

    • It is variable and has different levels of development and quality in different places and regions, like urban and rural areas, developed and developing countries, etc.

    • It is impactful on the natural environment and can have positive or negative effects on it, like conservation or pollution, restoration or degradation, etc.

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Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 13 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.