• Environment : all the external conditions in which the organism lives

  • Comes from French word environer, meaning to surround

  • Includes natural and human-made elements.

  • Geography: studies the components and interrelationship of environment

Natural Environment

  • Created by nature, such as mountains, rivers, vegetation, animals, etc.

  • Includes biotic (living) and abiotic (non-living) components

  • Changes due to natural processes and human activities

Human-made Environment

  • Created by human beings, such as agriculture, industries, settlements, transport, etc.

  • Developed to live comfortably in the environment

  • Changes due to human activities and natural processes

Interaction of Environments

  • Natural and human-made environments affect each other

  • Examples of changes:
    • Landforms are modified by erosion, deposition, construction, etc.

    • Climate varies in different seasons and regions

    • Species of plants and animals become extinct or evolve

    • Human evolution was influenced by environmental changes
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Davneet Singh's photo - Co-founder, Teachoo

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.