A system of ‘checks and balances’ is another name for which one of the following power-sharing arrangements:
(a) Power sharing among different social groups.
(b) Vertical division of power or power shared among different levels of government.
(c) Horizontal division of power or power shared among different organs of the government.
(d) Power sharing in the form of political parties, pressure groups and governments.
So, the correct answer is (c)- Horizontal division of power or power shared among different organs of the government.
- The horizontal division of power between the legislature, the executive and the judiciary allows it to cross check each other to avoid misuse of unlimited power.
- This arrangement is referred as the system of checks and balances.