(i) Write the electron-dot structures for sodium, oxygen and magnesium. Show the formation of Na 2 O and MgO by the transfer of electrons.

 

Answer (i) 

The two sodium atoms lose 1 electron each to form 2 sodium ions (2Na + ).

The oxygen atom forms an oxide ion (O 2- ) by gaining 2 electrons, one from each sodium atom. 

Na and O hence form an ionic compound Sodium Oxide (Na 2 O).

 

  1. Class 10
  2. Chapter 3 Class 10 - Metals and Non-Metals (Term 1)

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CA Maninder Singh
CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 11 years and a teacher from the past 11 years. He teaches Science, Accounts and English at Teachoo