Learn all Concepts of Chapter 3 Class 10 (with VIDEOS). Check - Linear Equations in 2 Variables - Class 10

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  1. Chapter 3 Class 10 Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables
  2. Serial order wise

Transcript

Ex 3.6, 2 Formulate the following problems as a pair of equations, and hence find their solutions: (iii) Roohi travels 300 km to her home partly by train and partly by bus. She takes 4 hours if she travels 60 km by train and the remaining by bus. If she travels 100 km by train and the remaining by bus, she takes 10 minutes longer. Find the speed of the train and the bus separately. Let speed of train be x km/hr & speed of bus be y km/hr Given that , Roohi travels 300 km to her home partly by train and partly by bus. She takes 4 hours if she travels 60 km by train & the remaining by bus. Train Distance = 60 km Speed = x Time = ? We know that Time = (๐ท๐‘–๐‘ ๐‘ก๐‘Ž๐‘›๐‘๐‘’ )/๐‘†๐‘๐‘’๐‘’๐‘‘ Time = 60/๐‘ฅ Bus Distance = 240 km Speed = y Time = ? We know that Time = (๐ท๐‘–๐‘ ๐‘ก๐‘Ž๐‘›๐‘๐‘’ )/๐‘†๐‘๐‘’๐‘’๐‘‘ Time = 240/๐‘ฆ Speed = ๐ท๐‘–๐‘ ๐‘ก๐‘Ž๐‘›๐‘๐‘’/๐‘‡๐‘–๐‘š๐‘’ Time = (๐ท๐‘–๐‘ ๐‘ก๐‘Ž๐‘›๐‘๐‘’ )/๐‘†๐‘๐‘’๐‘’๐‘‘ Now, Total time taken = 4 hours 60/๐‘ฅ + 240/๐‘ฆ = 4 Also, She travels 100 km by train & remaining by bus, she takes 10 min longer. So, she now takes 4 hours, 10 minutes Train Distance = 100 km Speed = x Time = ? We know that Time = (๐ท๐‘–๐‘ ๐‘ก๐‘Ž๐‘›๐‘๐‘’ )/๐‘†๐‘๐‘’๐‘’๐‘‘ Time = 100/๐‘ฅ Bus Distance = 200 km Speed = y Time = ? We know that Time = (๐ท๐‘–๐‘ ๐‘ก๐‘Ž๐‘›๐‘๐‘’ )/๐‘†๐‘๐‘’๐‘’๐‘‘ Time = 200/๐‘ฆ Now, Total time taken = 4 hours 10 minutes 100/๐‘ฅ + 200/๐‘ฆ = 4 + 10/60 hours 100/๐‘ฅ + 200/๐‘ฆ = 4 + 1/6 hours 100/๐‘ฅ + 200/๐‘ฆ = (4 (6) + 1)/6 100/๐‘ฅ + 200/๐‘ฆ = (24 + 1)/6 100/๐‘ฅ + 200/๐‘ฆ = 25/6 So, our two equations are 60/๐‘ฅ + 240/๐‘ฆ = 4 โ€ฆ(1) 100/๐‘ฅ + 200/๐‘ฆ = 25/6 โ€ฆ(2) Let 1/๐‘ฅ = u & 1/๐‘ฆ = v So, our equations become 60u + 240v = 4 100u + 200v = 25/6 6/25 (100u + 200v) = 1 24u + 48v = 1 Now, we have to solve 60u + 240v = 4 โ€ฆ(3) 24u + 48v = 1 โ€ฆ(4) From (3) 60u + 240v = 4 60u = 4 โ€“ 240v u = (4 โˆ’ 240๐‘ฃ)/60 Putting value of u in (4) 24u + 48v = 1 24 ((4 โˆ’ 240๐‘ฃ)/60) + 48v = 1 2 ((4 โˆ’ 240๐‘ฃ)/5) + 48v = 1 Multiplying both sides by 5 5 ร— 2 ((4 โˆ’ 240๐‘ฃ)/5) + 5 ร— 48v = 5 ร— 1 2(4 โ€“ 240v) + 240v = 5 8 โ€“ 480v + 240v = 5 โ€“ 480v + 240v = 5 โ€“ 8 โ€“240v = โˆ’3 v = (โˆ’3)/(โˆ’240) v = 1/80 Putting v = 1/80 in (3) 60u + 240v = 4 60u + 240 (1/80) = 4 60u + 3 = 4 60u = 4 โ€“ 3 60u = 1 u = 1/60 Hence, u = ๐Ÿ/๐Ÿ”๐ŸŽ , v = ๐Ÿ/๐Ÿ–๐ŸŽ But we have to find x & y We know that u = ๐Ÿ/๐’™ 1/60 = 1/๐‘ฅ x = 60 v = ๐Ÿ/๐’š 1/80 = 1/๐‘ฆ y = 80 So, x = 60, y = 80 is the solution of the given equation Therefore Speed of train = x = 60 km/hr & Speed of bus = y = 80 km/hr

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Davneet Singh
Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 9 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo.