Waste can be classified as Biodegradable and Non-Biodegradable.

Biodegradable waste are decomposed easily, whereas Non-Biodegradable materials cannot be decomposed easily.


Biodegradable materials are Peels of vegetables, paper, cotton, wood.

Non-Biodegradable materials are Plastic Bags, Metal Cans


So, our first step should be to segregate these wastes into Biodegradable and Non-Biodegradable.


We can 

  • Segregate our kitchen waste into Dry Waste and Wet Waste
  • Wet waste includes peels of vegetables and other leftover food, which can be used to make manure
  • Dry waste can be cans, plastics, metal, glass
  • We can also make a separate bin for chemical waste like batteries, old electrical appliances like TV, phones.


Biodegradable wastes can be used in our households to make manure.

Whereas Non-Biodegradable wastes should be adequately segregated so that they can be disposed off.


Benefits of Waste Segregation

The benefits of Waste Segregation are

  • Reduces Landfills
  • Less littering means the Environment is more cleaner
  • Compost formed feeds the Earth
  • Ragpickers earn a livelihood by selling off the segregated waste to recyle companies


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  1. Class 10
  2. Chapter 15 Class 10 - Our Environment

About the Author

Davneet Singh's photo - Teacher, Computer Engineer, Marketer
Davneet Singh
Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 9 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo.