Waste can be classified as Biodegradable and Non-Biodegradable.

Biodegradable waste are decomposed easily, whereas Non-Biodegradable materials cannot be decomposed easily.


Biodegradable materials are Peels of vegetables, paper, cotton, wood.

Non-Biodegradable materials are Plastic Bags, Metal Cans


So, our first step should be to segregate these wastes into Biodegradable and Non-Biodegradable.


We can 

  • Segregate our kitchen waste into Dry Waste and Wet Waste
  • Wet waste includes peels of vegetables and other leftover food, which can be used to make manure
  • Dry waste can be cans, plastics, metal, glass
  • We can also make a separate bin for chemical waste like batteries, old electrical appliances like TV, phones.


Biodegradable wastes can be used in our households to make manure.

Whereas Non-Biodegradable wastes should be adequately segregated so that they can be disposed off.


Benefits of Waste Segregation

The benefits of Waste Segregation are

  • Reduces Landfills
  • Less littering means the Environment is more cleaner
  • Compost formed feeds the Earth
  • Ragpickers earn a livelihood by selling off the segregated waste to recyle companies


  1. Class 10
  2. Chapter 15 Class 10 - Our Environment (Term 2)

About the Author

CA Maninder Singh's photo - Founder at Teachoo
CA Maninder Singh
CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 11 years and a teacher from the past 11 years. He teaches Science, Accounts and English at Teachoo