What is IVF? What is Test tube baby?

IVF Means Invitro Fertilization or ‘in Glass Fertilization’

In IVF, fertilization of female egg and male sperm is done artificially in a glass tube

Baby produced through IVF is called Test tube baby



Why is IVF Done?

Fertilization of male and female gametes happens in oviducts(fallopian tubes)

In some females, the fallopian tubes are blocked.

So, normal fertilization is not possible

In this case, IVF is done for fertilization


What is Procedure for IVF?

Eggs are removed from ovary of females

Sperms are taken from husband

Sperms are mixed with eggs in a glass dish(test tube)

When eggs are fertilized and embryos are formed

These embryos are placed in women’s uterus

After some times. these embryos are developed into foetus which later develop into baby


Baby formed through such method of In-vitro fertilization are called test tube babies


NCERT Question 10 (3) - Complete the cross-word puzzle using the hints given below

Another term for in vitro fertilisation.

View Answer



  1. Class 8
  2. Chapter 9 Class 8 - Reproduction In Animals

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CA Maninder Singh
CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 9 years and a teacher from the past 16 years. He teaches Spoken English, Written English, Grammar and Vocabulary at Englishtan.