Synthetic fibres are fibres made by human beings. They are based on polymers and are stronger than natural fibers


Different types of Synthetic Fibres are

  • Rayon
  • Nylon
  • Polyester
  • Acrylic


What is a polymer?

A large unit of chemical substance made up of many small units is called Polymer

Many small unit combine to form large unit of Polymer.



The word ‘Poly’ means Many and ‘Mer’ means Part

Hence Polymer means Many Parts (Many parts of small unit combine to form large unit)

Example 1

A synthetic fibre like nylon is  a polymer as it is made of many small chemical substances joined together

Example 2

A natural fibre like cotton is also a polymer called "Cellulose",it is made up of large number of glucose units

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Davneet Singh
Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 9 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo.