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Synthetic fibres are fibres made by human beings. They are based on polymers and are stronger than natural fibers


Different types of Synthetic Fibres are

  • Rayon
  • Nylon
  • Polyester
  • Acrylic


What is a polymer?

A large unit of chemical substance made up of many small units is called Polymer

Many small unit combine to form large unit of Polymer.



The word ‘Poly’ means Many and ‘Mer’ means Part

Hence Polymer means Many Parts (Many parts of small unit combine to form large unit)

Example 1

A synthetic fibre like nylon is  a polymer as it is made of many small chemical substances joined together

Example 2

A natural fibre like cotton is also a polymer called "Cellulose",it is made up of large number of glucose units

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CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 13 years and a teacher from the past 17 years. He teaches Science, Economics, Accounting and English at Teachoo