Check sibling questions

While adding or subtracting,

We add subtract like terms

 

Add 3 𝑥 & 4𝑥

 3𝑥 + 4𝑥

= 𝑥 (3 + 4)

= x × 7

= 7𝑥 

 

Add 8xy & 2𝑥

8𝑥y + 2𝑥  

Since 8𝑥y & 2𝑥 are unlike terms

We cannot add them

 

Add 8𝑥y, 4𝑥y & 2𝑥y

8𝑥y + 4𝑥y + 2xy

= xy (8 + 4 + 2)

= xy (14)

= 14𝑥y     

 

Subtract 4n from 7n

7n − 4n

= n(7 − 4)

= n × 3

= 3n

 

Subtract 5ab from 11ab

11ab − 5ab

= ab (11 − 5)

= ab × 6

= 6ab

 

Now,

Suppose our expressions are bigger

 

Add 3x + 11 & 7x − 5

(3𝑥 + 11) + (7𝑥 – 5)

We group like terms together

= (3x + 7x) + (11 − 5)

 = 10𝑥 + 6

 

Add (3x + 11 + 8z) & 7x − 5

(3𝑥 + 11 + 8z) + (7x − 5)

= (3x + 7x) + (11 − 5 ) + 8z

= x (3 + 7) + (6) + 8z

= 10x + 6 + 8z

= 10x + 8z + 6   

 

  Subtract (a − b) from 3a − b + 4

(3a − b + 4) − (a − b)

= 3a − b + 4 − a + b

= (3a − a) + (−b + b) + 4

= (3a − a ) + (b − b) + 4

= 2a  + 0 + 4

= 2a + 4

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 12 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo.