Let’s say,

  Harshit has scored following marks in  5 subjects
  (out of 100):80, 75, 95, 70, 80 and we have to calculate
  his percentage

 

Marks scored = 80 + 75 + 95 + 70 + 80

= 155 + 165 + 80

= 320 + 80

= 400

 

Total marks = 100 + 100 + 100 + 100 + 100

    = 500

 

Percentage marks = (Marks scored)/(Total marks) × 100%

= 400/500 × 100%

= 4/5 × 100%

= 4 × 20%

= 80%

 

Let’s assume another situation,

A milkman mixes 5 l   water in 45 l of milk before distributing it. What percentage of water is there in distributed milk?

 

Amount of water = 5 l

Total amount of milk = Amount of milk + Amount of water

  = 45 l + 5 l

  = 50 l

Percentage of water added = (Amount of water)/(Total amount of milk) × 100%

     = 5/50 × 100%

                                           = 1/10 × 100%

                                           = 10%

 

Madhu bought a dress worth Rs 1,000 in Rs 800 after bar-gaining with shopkeeper. What percentage of discount did she managed to get?

 

Actual price = Rs 1000

Discount = 1000 − 800

= Rs 200

 

        Percentage of discount = Discount/Amount × 100%

= 200/1000 × 100%

= 2/10 × 100%

= 1/5 × 100%

= 10%

 

 

  1. Chapter 8 Class 8 Comparing Quantities
  2. Concept wise
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Davneet Singh
Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 8 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo. You can check his NCERT Solutions from Class 6 to 12.