Ex 13.2, 16 - Chapter 13 Class 12 Probability (Term 2)
Last updated at Feb. 15, 2020 by Teachoo
Conditional Probability - Statement
Conditional Probability - Statement
Ex 13.2, 16 In a hostel, 60% of the students read Hindi news paper, 40% read English newspaper and 20% read both Hindi and English newspapers. A student is selected at random. (a) Find the Probability that she reads neither Hindi nor English newspapers.Let Students reading Hindi newspaper be denoted by ‘H’ & Students reading English newspaper be denoted by ‘F’ Given, P(H) = 60% = 60/100 = 0.6 P(H) = 40% = 40/100 = 0.4 P(H "∩" E) = 20% = 20/100 = 0.2 We need to find the Probability that she reads neither Hindi nor English newspapers. i.e. P(H’ "∩" E’) Now,a P(H’ "∩" E’) = 1 – Probability that she reads both the newspapers. = 1 – P(H ∪ E) = 1 − [P(H) + P(E) – P(H ∩ E)] = 1 − [0.6 + 0.4 – 0.2] = 1 – 0.8 = 0.2 = 𝟏/𝟓 Ex 13.2, 16 In a hostel, 60% of the students read Hindi news paper, 40% read English newspaper and 20% read both Hindi and English newspapers. A student is selected at random. (b) If she reads Hindi news paper, find the Probability that she reads English newspaper.We need to find the Probability that she reads English newspaper, given she reads Hindi newspaper i.e. we need to find P(E|H) Now, P(E|H) = "P(E ∩ H)" /"P(H)" = (0. 2)/(0. 6) = 2/6 = 𝟏/𝟑 Ex 13.2, 16 In a hostel, 60% of the students read Hindi news paper, 40% read English newspaper and 20% read both Hindi and English newspapers. A student is selected at random. (c) If she reads English news paper, find the Probability that she reads Hindi newspaper.We need to find the Probability that she reads Hindi newspaper, given she reads English i.e. P(H|E) Now, P(H|E) = "P(H ∩ E)" /"P(E)" = (0. 2)/(0. 4) = 2/4 = 𝟏/𝟐