• No society can fully and permanently resolve conflicts among different groups.

  • Democracy is best suited to produce this outcome.

  • Non-democratic regimes often turn a blind eye to or suppress internal social differences.

  • Ability to handle social differences, divisions and conflicts is thus a definite plus point of democratic regimes.

  • The example of Sri Lanka reminds us that a democracy must fill two conditions in order to achieve this outcome:
    1. It is necessary to understand that democracy is not simply rule by majority opinion.

    2. Tha majority always needs to work with the minority so that governments function to represent the general view. Majority and minority opinions are not permanent.

    3. It is also necessary that rule by majority does not become rule by majority community in terms of linguistic group, etc.
      Rule by majority means that in case of every decision or in case of every election, different persons and groups may and can form majority.

    4. Democracy remains democracy only as long as every citizen has a chance of being in majority at some point of time.
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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.