• In a democracy, we are most concerned with ensuring that people will have the right to choose their rulers and that people will have control over the rulers.

  • Citizens should be able to participate in decision-making.

  • The most basic outcome of democracy should be that it produces a government that is accountable to the citizens, and responsive to the needs and expectations of the citizens.

  • Non-democratic rulers do not have to bother with deliberation in assemblies or w orry about majorities and public opinion . So they can be very quick and efficient in decision-making and implementation.

  • Democracy is based on the idea of deliberation and negotiation .

  • The democratic government will take more time to follow procedures before arriving at a decision . But because it has followed procedures, its decisions may be both more acceptable to the people and more effective.

  • Democracy ensures that decision-making will be based on norms and procedures.

  • A citizen who wants to know if a decision was taken through the correct procedure can find this out. One has the right and the means to examine the process of decision-making. This is known as transparency.

  • Transparency is often missing from a non-democratic government.

  • Democratic government develops mechanisms for citizens to hold the government accountable and mechanisms for citizens to take part in decision-making.

  • Democratic government is certainly better than its alternatives: democratic government is a legitimate government.

  • It may be slow, less efficient, not always very responsive or clean. But democratic government is people’s own government.

  • People wish to be ruled by representatives elected by them.
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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.