Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:
- Heart attacks have become very common in recent times causing grave concern especially to the medical fraternity. The World Health Organisation (WHO) and the World Heart Federation (WHF) observe September 24th as the World Heart Day.
- Dr. H.S. Wasir, Chief Cardiologist and Medical Director, Batra Hospital and Medical Research Centre, lists four main habits which adversely affect the heart health – lack of physical exercise, wrong eating habits, cigarette smoking, excessive alcohol consumption and stressful lifestyle.
- ‘‘Physical exercise,’’ says Dr. Wasir, ‘‘plays a major role in achieving a long and healthy life in general and prevention of heart attacks in particular.’’ There are several studies showing that physically active people have higher longevity than those sedentary or physically inactive. It is the experience of many modern day physicians that some patients of angina (chest pain or discomfort on physical or mental exertion or after meals) do get relief with regularly done physical exercise. Brisk walking, swimming, golf without power carts, badminton and tennis are some beneficial physical exercises. Walking, stationary cycling or walking on a treadmill and walking up the stairs are some other alternatives.
- Best time for brisk walks would be the early mornings before the traffic flow picks up and walking in the parks with thick plantation. Jogging on the roads with heavy traffic should be avoided as you will be inhaling air polluted with the toxins.
- ‘‘Before starting any physical exercise programmes for the first time, one must get fully evaluated by a cardiologist, so as to avoid any harm being done by exercise, if there is serious underlying heart disease needing treatment,’’ warns Dr. Wasir.
Make notes on the above passage in a suitable format. You should use recognisable abbreviations wherever necessary. Give a suitable title to your passage. (5 marks)
How to Avoid Heart Attacks