Which of the following statements about the judiciary is false?

a. Every law passed by the Parliament needs approval of the Supreme Court

b. Judiciary can strike down a law if it goes against the spirit of the Constitution

c. Judiciary is independent of the Executive

d. Any citizen can approach the courts if her rights are violated

 

Answer:

Explanation:

  • The judiciary in India is one of the most powerful in the world.

  • The Supreme Court and the High Courts have the power to interpret the Constitution of the country.

  • They can determine the Constitutional validity of any legislation or action of the executive in the country when it is challenged before them. This is known as the judicial review .

  • The Supreme Court of India has also ruled that the core or basic principles of the Constitution cannot be changed by the Parliament.

  • The powers and the independence of the Indian judiciary allow it to act as the guardian of Fundamental Rights. Anyone can approach the courts if the actions of the government hurt the public interest. This is called public interest litigation .

Let’s check all the options:

(a) Every law passed by the parliament needs the approval of the Supreme Court.- This statement is false as the Role of the supreme court is to review judicial judgments only.

(b) Judiciary can strike down a law if it goes against the spirit of the Constitution.- This is true.

(c) Judiciary is independent of the Executive. This is true.

(d) Any citizen can approach the courts if her rights are violated. This is true.

So, the correct answer is (a).

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.