• Institutions are humanly devised structures of rules and norms that shape and constrain individual behavior.

  • Laws, rules, social conventions and norms are all examples of institutions.

  • Democracy is not just about people electing their rulers.

  •   Rulers have to follow some rules and procedures within institutions for running a democratic government.

  •  Three institutions that play a key role in major decisions i.e, the legislature, executive, and judiciary.

  • The chief function of th e legislature is to enact laws.

  • It is the basis for the functioning of the other two organs, the executive and the judiciary.

  • It is also sometimes accorded the first place among the three organs because until and unless laws are enacted, there can be no implementation and application of laws.

  • The executive is the organ that implements the laws enacted by the legislature and enforces the will of the state.

  • It is the administrative head of the government.

  • Ministers including th e Prime/Chief Ministers and President/Governor s form part of the executive.

  • The judiciary is that branch of the government that interprets the law, settles disputes, and administers justice to all citizens.

  • The judiciary is c onsidered the watchdog of democracy, and also the guardian of the Constitution.

  • It comprises the Supreme Court, the High Courts, District, and other subordinate courts.
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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.