Glossary

Coalition Government

A government is formed by an alliance of two or more political parties, usually when no single party enjoys the majority support of the members in a legislature.

Executive

A body of persons having authority to initiate major policies , make decisions and implement them on the basis of the Constitution and laws of the country.

Government

A set of Institutions that have the power to make, implement and interpret laws so as to ensure an orderly life. In its broad sense, government administers and supervises over citizens and resources of the country. 

Judiciary

An institution empowered to administer justice and provide a mechanism for the resolution of legal disputes . All the courts in the country are collectively referred to as Judiciary.

Legislature

An assembly of people’s representatives with the power to enact laws for the country . In addition to enacting laws, the legislature has the authority to raise taxes and adopt the budget and other money bills.

Office Memorandum

A communication issued by an appropriate authority stating the policy or decision of the government.

Political Institution

A set of procedures for regulating the conduct of government and political life in the country.

Reservation

A policy that declares some positions in government employment and educational institutions ‘reserved’ for people and communities w ho have been discriminated against are disadvantaged and backward.

State

Political Associations occupy a definite territory, having an organized government and possessing the power to make domestic and foreign policies . The government may change, but the states continue.

Lok Sabha

It is the Lower House of the Parliament. The Lok Sabha is directly elected by the people of India.  

Rajya Sabha

The Rajya Sabha is the Upper House of the Parliament of India . The Rajya Sabha is indirectly elected by members of state assemblies. 

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.