Political Science
Chapter 1 Class 8 Political Science - The Constitution and the Need


  • A constitution is an important document laying down the fundamental principles of a country.

  • The country is governed by these principles. Laws are also formulated according to them.

  • The Indian Constitution was drafted by the Constituent Assembly and came into effect on 26 January 1950 .

  • The constitution Assembly of India took two years 11 months and 17 days to draft the constitution 

Importance of Our Constitution

  • It contains valuable information regarding the structure, organs, duties and responsibilities of the government.

  • It regulates the relationship between the various organs as well as between the citizens and the government.

  • It has a system of checks and balances that prevents the misuse of power vested in the government.

  • It protects the rights of the minorities against the oppression by the majority.

  • It guarantees certain Fundamental Rights to the citizens to protect them against any injustice by the government.
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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.