Political Science
Chapter 1 Class 7 Political Science - Democracy

Glossary 

Term

Definition

Democracy

A  government of the people, by the people and for the people or rule of the common people

Demokratia

A Greek word meaning the rule of the common people

Voting rights

The right to elect and remove the representatives of the government

People’s power

The supreme power that lies with the people in a democracy

Elections

The process of choosing the representatives of the government by the people

Public opinion

The collective views and wishes of the people that influence the policies of the government

Rule of law

The principle that everyone is equal before the law and no one is above it.

Society

The community of people who live together and share a common culture, values and norms.

Economy

The system of production, distribution and consumption of goods and services in a country or region

Discrimination

The unfair treatment of people on the basis of their religion, caste, race, gender or other characteristics

Caste system

A system of social hierarchy that divides people into different groups based on their birth, occupation and status

Untouchability

A practice of excluding and discriminating against certain groups of people who are considered impure or inferior by the caste system

Economic opportunities

The chances and possibilities for people to earn their livelihood and improve their economic condition

Exploitation

The act of taking unfair advantage of someone or something for one’s own benefit

Distribution of wealth

The way that wealth is shared among different groups or individuals in a society

Liberty

The state of being free from external control or interference

Equality

The state of being equal in status, rights and opportunities

 

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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.