Political Science
Chapter 1 Class 7 Political Science - Democracy

Forms of government 

  • Absolute monarchy: the rule by a king or queen who has absolute powers and is not accountable to the people

  • Dictatorship : the rule by an unelected, all-powerful dictator who is not accountable to the people.

  • Democracy : It stands for the people’s rule. People are involved in the formation of government.

  • Democracy can be direct or indirect, depending on how people participate in the formation and running of the government.

    • Direct democracy: The government is elected and run directly by the people.
      • Example: Switzerland i s the only country where direct democracy is practiced at the state level.

      • The Gram Sabha or meeting of villagers is an example of direct democracy in India.

    • Indirect or representative democracy: people elect their representatives who form and run the government on their behalf.

  •  In most democracies the head of the country (President) is also elected by the people. Such countries are called republics.

  • Thus, India is a ' democratic republic' because we have both the government and the head of the state or President elected by the people. 
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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.