Political Science
Chapter 1 Class 7 Political Science - Democracy

People’s power

  • According to the  Abraham Lincoln , Democracy is a government of the people, by the people and for the people.

  • The supreme power lies with the people, who participate in the governance directly or indirectly through elections and public opinion

  • The elected representatives form and run the government on behalf of the people and are accountable to them

  • The rule of law ensures that all are equal before the law and no one is above it

  • The rule of law also protects individuals against social evils and discrimination

  • The laws are made by the people or their representatives in a democracy

Democracy as a form of society and economy

  • Democracy is not just a form of government, but also a form of society and economy.

  • The values of democracy such as justice , freedom and human dignity should be embedded in the social and economic life of the people.

  • The granting of the right to vote is not enough to establish democracy, there should be a democratic society and an economic democracy to make it meaningful

Democratic society

  • Democratic society means no discrimination of any kind on the basis of religion, caste, race or place of birth.

  • Democratic society should remove social evils like the caste system and untouchability that divide and deprive people of their basic rights.

  • Democratic society should treat all men and women equally.

  • Democratic society is necessary for a democratic government to be meaningful.

  • Democratic society is a society where the people have the rights and freedoms to express their views and opinions, and to pursue their interests and goals.

  • Democratic society is a society where the people have the responsibility and duty to obey the law, to respect the rights and freedoms of others, and to contribute to the common good of everyone.

  • Democratic society is a society where the people have the opportunity and access to education, health care, justice, and other public services.

Economic democracy

  • Economic democracy means equal economic opportunities.

  • It means  that all should have equal opportunities   to be employed or to set up their own businesses.

  • Economic democracy means absence of all exploitation , such as workers by owners or peasants by landlords.

  • Economic democracy means equal wages for equal work and no distinction between men and women.

  • Economic democracy means fair distribution of wealth in the society and no concentration of wealth in the hands of a few.

  • Democracy is based on two important principles: liberty and equality.

  • Economic democracy ensures individual freedom and equal opportunities for economic growth.

  • Economic democracy is necessary for a democratic government to be meaningful.
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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.