Mehrgarh - Teachoo.png

  • Mehrgarh (in Pakistan) is the earliest known farming and pastoral settlement in the Indian subcontinent.

  • It was here that humans first grew crops and tamed animals.

  • The earliest evidence of settlement here dates to 7000 BCE.

  • Charred grains and bones of animals have been found here.

  • Archaeologists have divided this Stone Age site into several periods.

Period I (7000-5500 BCE)

  • Wheat and Barley were the main crops.

  • Farmers kept cattle, sheep, and goats . Bones of all these animals have been found at the site.

  •  The houses were simple mud structures square or rectangular in shape. No pottery has been found.

  •  Burial sides are many in number. The graves contain objects such as s tone axes, ornaments of seashells, limestone, turquoise, lapis lazuli, and sandstone along with figures of women and animals.

Period II (5500-4800 BCE) & Period III ( 4800-3500 BCE)

  • A lot of evidence of manufacturing activity has also been found.

  • Glazed faience beads were produced.

  • Terracotta figurines were detailed. Figurines of women had different hairstyles and ornaments and what decorated with paint.

  • Burial goods were limited only to ornaments during this period.
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Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh has done his B.Tech from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 14 years. He provides courses for Maths, Science, Social Science, Physics, Chemistry, Computer Science at Teachoo.