In the questions given below, there are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statements and chose the correct option:
Assertion (A): Production increased rapidly due to Stalin’s Collectivization Programme.
Reason (R): There was bad harvest during 1930- 1933.
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A
(c) A is correct but R is wrong.
(d) A is wrong but R is correct.
So, the correct option is (d) - (A) is wrong but (R) is correct.
- Assertion (A): Production increased rapidly due to Stalin’s Collectivization Programme which is not correct because, despite collectivisation, production did not increase immediately. So, assertion (A) is wrong.
- Reason (R): There was a bad harvest during 1930-1933 which is correct because the bad harvests of 1930-1933 led to one of the most devastating famines in Soviet history when over 4 million died. Thus, Reasoning (R) is correct .
- Assertion is false.
- Reasoning is true.
So the correct answer is (d).