How is a prokaryotic cell different from a eukaryotic cell?



The differences between a prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell are:

  • A prokaryotic cell is a unicellular, primitive , simple type of cell characterised by the absence of a nucleus
  • Prokaryotes do not have membrane-bound cell organelles
  • Since Prokaryotes have no nucleus, their DNA is scattered throughout the cell .
  • For Example - Bacteria, Archaea
  • Eukaryotic cells are cells that possess a nucleus
  • They have membrane-bound organelles
  • The DNA is contained in the nucleus .
  • Eukaryotes can either be unicellular or multicellular
  • For example - Plants , Animals , Fungi etc.
  Prokaryotic Cell Eukaryotic Cell
Cell Size Smaller larger
Cell Type Unicellular Usually multicellular but can be unicellular
Plasma Membrane ✔️
Endoplasmic Reticulum ✔️
Nucleus ✔️


In plants

Golgi Apparatus ✔️
Ribosomes ✔️ ✔️
Mitochondria ✔️ ✔️



Animals and plants



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CA Maninder Singh is a Chartered Accountant for the past 13 years and a teacher from the past 17 years. He teaches Science, Economics, Accounting and English at Teachoo