‘Gene control traits’? Explain this statement with an example.
Gene controls traits by synthesizing specific enzymes .
For example, consider plant height . Tallness and shortness are 2 traits possible.
If a plant has the tall gene , then it will give instruction to the plant cells to produce many plant-growth enzymes due to which the plant will be tall.
If a plant has the short gene , then less plant-growth enzyme will be produced and the plant will be short.