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What are the limitations of Rutherford’s model of the atom?



Rutherford suggested that:


  • Electrons revolve around the nucleus in a circular path.
  • This is not possible because, if a particle follows a circular orbit, it will undergo acceleration (due to change in velocity as a result of continuous change in direction in a circular path).
  • During acceleration, charged particles radiate and lose energy.
  • After losing all energy, the charged electron will ultimately fall into the nucleus.
  • This would make the atom very unstable.
  • But we know that atoms are actually stable.
  • Hence, there was a flaw in Rutherford's model of an atom.

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