Subscribe to our Youtube Channel - https://you.tube/teachoo

Last updated at Feb. 15, 2020 by Teachoo

Transcript

Example 14 Check whether the following statement is true or false by proving its contrapositive. If x, y ∈ Ζ such that xy is odd, then both x and y are odd. Let p : xy is odd. q : both x and y are odd. The given statement is of the form it p then q i.e. p ⇒ q We have to check the validity of statement by contrapositive method. i.e. x and y are not odd & prove that is false i.e. prove that xy is not odd Now consider x & y are not odd i.e. x & y are even let x = 2n for same n, m ∈ Z & t = 2m Calculate xy = 2n × 2m if n, m ∈ Z = 4mn ⇒ nm ∈ Z = 2 (2 m n) ⇒ 2n m ∈ Z This show xy is even ⇒ xy is not odd ⇒ p is false ⇒ ~ p Hence ~ q ⇒ ~ p

Proving True - By Contrapositive

Chapter 14 Class 11 Mathematical Reasoning

Concept wise

- Statements
- Writing negation of statements
- Negation - Checking if true or not
- Finding Compound Statement
- Words 'And' & 'Or'
- Inclusive and exclusive or
- Quantifiers
- Contrapositive and converse
- If then
- If and only if
- Proving not true/false (by giving counter examples)
- Proving True - If and only if
- Proving True - By Contrapositive
- Proving True - By Contradiction
- Necessary and sufficient condition

About the Author

Davneet Singh

Davneet Singh is a graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He has been teaching from the past 9 years. He provides courses for Maths and Science at Teachoo.