Ex 8.1,3 - Expand (2x - 3)6 - Chapter 8 Class 11 Binomial - Ex 8.1

  1. Chapter 8 Class 11 Binomial Theorem
  2. Serial order wise
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Ex8.1, 3 Expand the expression (2x – 3)6 (2x – 3)6 We know that (a + b)n = nC0 an b0 + nC1 an – 1 b1 + nC2 an – 2 b2 + …. …. + nCn – 1 a1 bn – 1 + nCn a0 bn Hence (a + b)6 = = 6!/(0! (6 −0)!) a6 × 1 + 6!/(1 ! (6 −1) !) a5 b + 6!/2!(6 −2)! a4 b2 + 6!/(3 !(6 −3)!) a3 b3 + 6!/(4 ! (6 − 4 ) !)a2 b4 + 6!/(5 !( 6 −5)!) ab5 + 6!/(6 ! (6 −6) !) 1 × b6 = 6!/(1 × 6! ) a6 + 6!/(1 × 5!) a5 b + 6!/(2! × 4!) a4 b2 + 6!/(3 ! 3!) a3 b3 + 6!/(4 ! 2!) a2 b4 + 6!/(5 ! ×1) a b5 + 6!/(6 ! × 1) b6 = 6!/6! a6 + (6 ×5!)/(5! ) a5b + (6 ×5 ×4!)/(2 × 4!) a4 b2 + (6 ×5 ×4 × 3!)/(3 × 2 × 1 × 3!) a3 b3 + (6 × 5 × 4!)/(2 × 1 × 4!) a2 b4 + (6 × 5!)/(1 × 5!) ab5 + 6!/6! b6 = a6 + 6a5b + (3 × 5)a4b2 + (5 × 4)a3b3 + (3 × 5)a2b4 + 6ab5 + b6 = a6 + 6a5b + 15a4b2 + 20a3b3 + 15a2b4 + 6ab5 + b6 Thus, (a + b)6 = a6 + 6a5b + 15a4b2 + 20a3b3 + 15a2b4 + 6ab5 + b6 We need to find (2x – 3)6 Putting a = 2x & b = – 3 (2x – 3)6 = (2x)6 + 6 (2x)5 (– 3)2 + 15 (2x)4 (– 3) + 20 (2x)3 (– 3)3 + 15 (2x)2 (– 3)+ 6 (2x) (–3)5 + (– 3)6 = 64x6 – 18(32x5) + 15(16x4) (9) + 20 (8x3) (– 27) + 15 (4x2) (18) + 6 (2x) (– 243) + (729) = 64x6 – 576x5 + 2160x4 – 4320x3 + 4860x2 – 2916x + 729

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